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Project Tiger: A Success Story in Conservation
To protect and preserve the tiger population in India, the Government of India launched Project Tiger. The project was launched in response to the alarming decline in the tiger population in the country.
Table of Contents
- Table of Contents
- Project Tiger: Introduction
- Project Tiger: NTCA
- Project Tiger: Aim and Objectives
- Project Tiger: Achievements
- Project Tiger: Challenges
- Project Tiger: Conservation Units
- Project Tiger: Core and Buffer Areas
- Project Tiger: Newest Tiger Reserves
Project Tiger: Introduction
In 1973, the Indian government initiated Project Tiger, an effort to safeguard tigers from becoming extinct. The main objectives of the project were to protect the tigers and their habitats from threats such as poaching and habitat destruction.
Initially, The project was launched in nine tiger reserves across the country, namely Jim Corbett National Park, Kanha National Park, Manas National Park, Palamau Tiger Reserve, Ranthambore National Park, Simlipal National Park, Sunderbans National Park, Bandipur National Park, and Dudhwa National Park. The project was later expanded to include more tiger reserves.
After 50 years, Project Tiger has been a huge success story. The tiger population has increased from 1,411 in 2006 to 3,682 in 2023, making India a global leader in tiger conservation. The project has also helped in the conservation of other wildlife species, such as the Asiatic lion, Indian rhinoceros, and the snow leopard.
Project Tiger: NTCA
The National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) is a statutory body under the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC). It was established in 2005 to implement the Project Tiger and other tiger conservation initiatives in the country. The NTCA is headed by a Director General, who is assisted by a Deputy Director General and other officers.
The NTCA is responsible for the following:
- Implementation of Project Tiger and other tiger conservation initiatives in the country.
- Monitoring the tiger population in the country.
- Monitoring the tiger reserves in the country.
Project Tiger: Aim and Objectives
- Identify the factors responsible for the decline of tiger population in India.
- Ensure the survival of tigers in their natural habitat.
- Provide a secure environment for tigers to breed and multiply.
Project Tiger: Achievements
The journey of Project Tiger has been a long one. It has faced many challenges and obstacles along the way. However, it has also achieved many milestones and successes. Some of the major achievements of the project are as follows:
- The tiger population in India has increased from 1,411 in 2006 to 3,682 in 2023.
- The number of tiger reserves in India has increased from 9 in 1973 to 55 in 2023.
- Awareness about tiger conservation has increased among the general public.
- The project has helped in the conservation of other wildlife species, such as the Asiatic lion, Indian rhinoceros, and the snow leopard.
Project Tiger: Challenges
The project has faced many challenges and obstacles along the way. Some of the major challenges faced by the project are as follows:
- Poaching: Poaching is one of the major threats to the tiger population in India. The poachers kill tigers for their skin, bones, and other body parts, which are used in traditional Chinese medicine.
- Habitat Destruction: Habitat destruction is another major threat to the tiger population in India. The tigers are losing their habitat due to deforestation, mining, and other human activities.
- Forest Fires: Forest fires are another major threat to the tiger population in India. The forest fires destroy the habitat of the tigers and other wildlife species.
- Forest Fragmentation: Forest fragmentation is another major threat to the tiger population in India. The fragmentation of forests leads to the loss of habitat for the tigers and other wildlife species as tiger requires a large area to survive.
Project Tiger: Conservation Units
There are 8 conservation units in India for the conservation of tigers administered by the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA). These are:
- Shivalik-Terai Conservation Unit
- North-East Conservation Unit
- Sunderbans Conservation Unit
- Western Ghats Conservation Unit
- Eastern Ghats Conservation Unit
- Central India Conservation Unit
- Sariska Conservation Unit
- Kaziranga Conservation Unit
Project Tiger: Core and Buffer Areas
|Core Area||Buffer Area|
|It's a protected area where no human activity is allowed.||It's a protected area where human activity is allowed.|
|It has legal status as national parks or wildlife sanctuaries.||It has legal status as reserve forests.|
|It's a natural habitat for tigers.||It's a buffer zone between the core area and the human settlements.|
Project Tiger: Newest Tiger Reserves
The newest tiger reserves in India are:
|Name of Tiger Reserve||State||Year of Establishment|
|Veerangana Durgavati Tiger Reserve||Madhya Pradesh||2023|
|Dholpur-Karauli Tiger Reserve||Rajasthan||2023|
|Ranipur Wildlife Sanctuary||Uttar Pradesh||2023|
|Guru Ghasidas National Park||Chhattisgarh||2023|
Project Tiger has been a huge success story. It has helped in the conservation of tigers and other wildlife species in India. However, the project still faces many challenges and obstacles. The project needs to be strengthened and expanded to protect the tigers and other wildlife species in India.